Anyone that knows me fairly well understands my love affair with coffee. 🙂 There is something very nurturing to me about holding a warm cup of java in my hand while I dust off the cobwebs of sleep from my brain. I am sure the hit of caffeine has a little something to do with it too. 😉 Today, I will talk a little about coffee and tea for the FODMAPer…including best low FODMAP options. I also have some important updates to share…so read on!
As a digestive health dietitian, you might wonder why I don’t disparage the use of coffee. But, personally, I think coffee has received a bad rap. I think tolerance to coffee and tea is very individual. I am happy that coffee doesn’t bother me. In fact, I think it helps my digestion a bit! But like anything…drinking too much of any one thing isn’t always a good idea. Let me explain.
A word about the coffee, including the science.
Coffee is repeatedly in the headlines. It’s bad…then it’s good. Here’s a bit about the good:
- Coffee may lower risk of stroke in women. Study here.
- The polyphenolic compound found in coffee, chlorogenic acid may reduce blood pressure. Study here.
- Roasted coffee may lower risk of cataracts. Study here.
- Coffee may not impact incidence of GERD as commonly thought. Study here.
- More on the health benefits of coffee from headache reduction, liver and colon cancer risk reduction and more from my colleague, Kathleen Zelman MPH, RD on WebMD.
- Coffee may enhance mood and lower depression.
Coffee is so popular it just might be the number one source of antioxidants in the American diet! Coffee’s antioxidant compounds include caffeic acid, caffeine, the chlorogenic acids, eugenol, gamma-tocopherol, isoeugenol, p-coumaric acid, scopoletin and tannic acid.
But like most things, too much of a good thing, is simply not a good thing. For IBS-D patients, the stimulant effects of caffeine might send you to the loo, while those with slow transit might find a boost of caffeine provides just the kick of energy their lazy intestine needs. For those with hydrogen positive SIBO, coffee or caffeinated beverages may be less tolerable, as hydrogen positive SIBO is already associated with rapid gastrointestinal transit time. If you are an anxious type, overdoing caffeine may make your feel a bit more jittery…so as always…listen to your body.
What about tea?
Tea is associated with a risk reduction of cancer and heart disease. Many of these beneficial effects of green tea are related to its antioxidant ingredient, catechins. The major active constituents and cancer protective effects of tea is from the tea catechin, EGCG (a polyphenol called epigallocatechin-3-gallate). Currently, there are 1000 research publications found on PubMed (medical research database) revealing the cancer preventive effects of tea! There are also human studies on using green tea catechins to treat metabolic syndrome, such as obesity, type II diabetes, and heart disease risk factors. Study review here.
Tea is the most popular beverage consumed by two-thirds of the world’s population! It is made from the processed leaf of Camellia sinensis. Tea types are based primarily on how they are processed or harvested such as black (fermented), green (non-fermented) and oolong (semi-fermented). As tea types differ in how the tea is produced and processed, it can effect the tea’s chemical composition. Green tea is produced by using young tea leaves and sold for consumption without fermentation.
Coffee and Tea Tips for the FODMAPer:
If you want to enjoy a cup of coffee or tea, I suggest limit to your personal tolerance. For most of my clients, this is about 1 to 2 cups per day. Best to spread out to 1 cup per sitting to start to gauge your tolerance.
- Low FODMAP tea options per the Monash University Low FODMAP app (proceeds of the app fund more research) include: Black tea, white, green, peppermint tea, rooibos, buchu, honeybush, Chai tea (made weak), Dandelion tea (made weak). [Black tea flavored with ginger and cinnamon tea seem to work well for my clients too.]
- High FODMAP Tea to avoid while on the elimination diet: Fennel, chamomile, oolong.
- Low FODMAP Coffee options: : espresso & drip brewed coffee seems to work well for my clients, especially if they use bean to cup machines. I like to use a French Press, personally, but different methods of preparation may impact the fibers in the brew– trial and error in preparation methods will help you find what works best for you.
What to add to your tea or coffee?
- When out on the go, either bring a small container of lactose free milk with you to add to your tea or coffee, or keep some at the office OR use almond milk at your favorite coffee shop. A small splash of cow’s milk may work for you as well. Tolerance to lactose is portion driven, and 1-2 tablespoons has very little lactose.
- When selecting cow milk alternatives to use in your coffee such as almond, rice, coconut or hemp…ask the coffee shop barista if you can see the original milk container to scan for suitable ingredients.
- Most, if not all soymilks in the US (including the one used at Starbucks–last time I checked) is likely high FODMAP as they are made with the WHOLE soybean. The fiber in whole soybeans contain the FODMAPs. Finding a soymilk made with only soy protein would be your best low FODMAP option.
- You can also try to order a cappuccino ‘very dry’–foam only. If you find small amounts of lactose works for you, a dry cappuccino might work as the amount of milk in the final product is FAR less than in a latte. I love a good dry/foam only cappuccino and tolerate it just fine despite having mild lactose intolerance.
- Note: many coffee shop serving size options are HUGE! Opt for the small or tall size to keep your caffeine intake in check.
OKAY…now on to my latest news!
My digestive health coffee chats are up! My practice, For a Digestive Peace of Mind, just launched it’s second digestive health coffee chat. Please check out the videos here! And please provide feedback, give me a ‘like’ on my youtube page if you like it, and let me know what topics you would like for upcoming videos.
This week, I have partnered with Gastro Girl and Nestle Health Science to offer a FREE webinar on FODMAP basics and Reintroduction Phase Specifics this Thursday, Feb 9, 6:30 EST Hope you can join the fun. And yes, the webinar will be recorded! Click here to register!